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2019年广东成考专升本《英语》考点:形容词和副词
发布日期:2019/1/9 11:11:25 来源:广东成考网 阅读: 【字体:

  I.要点

  A.形容词

  1、形容词的用法

  形容词是用来修饰、描绘名词的,通常在句中作定语、表语或宾补,有时还可作状语。如:

  He is honest and hardworking.

  I found the book interesting.

  某些形容词与定冠词连用表示一类人作主语时,谓语通常用复数形式。如:

  The rich and the poor live in different parts of the city.

  The English like to be with their families.

  多个形容词作定语修饰名词的顺序:

  冠词+序数词+基数词+性质状态(描述性)+形状大小+新旧老少+颜色+国籍+材料+名词。如:the second five interesting big new red Chinese wall papers.

  2、形容词比较等级的形式

  (1)规则形式

  一般说来,单音节词及少数双音节词在后加-er;--est来构成比较级和最高级;其他双音节词及多音节词在前加more,most.如:

  great-greater-greatest

  busy-busier-busiest

  important-more important-(the)most important

  (2)不规则形式

  good(well)-better-best

  bad(ill)-worse-worst

  many(much)-more-most

  little-less-least

  (3)形容词比较等级的用法

  ①表示两者的比较,用形容词的比较级+than.如:

  He is cleverer than the other boys.

  This one is more beautiful than that one.

  ②表示两者以上的比较,用"the+形容词最高级(+名词)+of(in)…"如:

  He is the cleverest boy in his class.

  ③表示两者是同等程度,用"as+形容词原级+as".如:

  He is as tall as I.

  I have as many books as you.

  ④越…越…

  例如:The more I learn,the happier I am.

  ⑤You can never be too careful.越小心越好

  又如:You can never praise the teacher too highly.

  你怎么赞扬这个老师也不过分。

  ⑥I have never spent a more worrying day.

  那一天是最令我担心的一天。

  I have never had a better dinner.

  这是我吃过的最好的一顿饭。

  ⑦My English is no better than yours.

  我的英语和你的英语都不怎么样。

  B.副词

  1、副词的种类

  (1)时间副词如:ago,before,already,just,now,early,late,finally,tomorrow等

  (2)地点副词如:here,there,near,around,in,out,up,down,back,away,outside等。

  (3)方式副词如:carefully,angrily,badly,calmly,loudly,quickly,politely,nervously等。

  (4)程度副词如:almost,nearly,much,greatly,a bit,a little,hardly,so,very等。

  2、副词比较等级的用法

  其用法与形容词相似,只是副词最高级前可省略定冠词。如:

  Of all the boys he sings(the)most beautifully.

  We must work harder.

  3、某些副词在用法上的区别

  (1)already,yet,still

  already表示某事物已经发生,主要用于肯定句;yet表示期待某事发生,主要用于否定句和疑问句;still表示某事还在进行,主要用于肯定句和疑问句,有时也可用于否定句。如:

  We've already watched that film.

  I haven't finished my homework yet.

  He still works until late every night.

  (2)too,as well,also,either

  too,as well和also用于肯定句和疑问句,too和as well多用于口语,一般放在句末,而also多用于书面语,一般放在句中与动词连用。either用于否定句和否定的疑问句,往往放在句末。如:He went there too.

  He didn't go there either.

  I like you as well.

  I also went there.

  (3)hard,hardly

  hardly意为"几乎"与hard在词义上完全不同。如:

  I work hard every day.

  I can hardly remember that.

  (4)late,lately

  lately意为"最近、近来",late意为"晚、迟"。如:

  He never comes late.

  Have you been to the museum lately?

  例1 Tom's father thinks he is already ____

  A high enough B tall enough

  C enough high C enough tall

  解析:该题正确答案是B。修饰人高用tall,而建筑物的高用high,并且enough修饰形容词要放在形容词后面。因此该题选B。

  例2 ____ the worse I seem to be.

  A When I take more medicine

  B The more medicine I take

  C Taking more of the medicine

  D More medicine taken

  解析:该题正确答案为B。"the+形容词比较级+…,the+形容词比较级+…"意为越…,越…。该句意为:吃的药越多,我的病越是加重。

  例3"I haven't been to London yet".

  "I haven't been there ____".

  A too B also C either D neither

  解析:该题正确答案为C。A和B都用于肯定句中。D-neither本身意为否定"两者都不",而C-either则用于否定句中,意为"也"。

  例4 Mr Smith was ____ moved at the news.

  A deep B deeply C very deep D quite deeply

  解析:该题正确答案为B。A.deep用于副词时,修饰具体的深,如dig deep,而B-deeply则修饰表示感情色彩的词,如该题为deeply moved.另如deeply regret等。而D-quite和deeply均为副词,不能互相修饰。

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