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2019年成人高考高升专《英语》模拟试题(五)
发布日期:2019/3/21 9:44:50 来源:广东成考网 阅读: 【字体:

  Passage Three

  Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.

  For well over 2000 years the world’s great religions have taught the virtues of a trusting heart. Now there is another reason to merit the wisdom of the ages: scientific evidence indicates that those with trusting hearts will live longer, healthier lives.

  As a result of the work published in the 1970s by two pioneering heart specialists, Meyer Friedman and Ray H. Rosenman, nearly every American is aware that blood Type. A people are impatient, and easily moved to hostility and anger. Many have come to believe that Type As are at a much higher risk of suffering heart attack or dying of heart disease than others.

  The driving force behind hostility is a cynical (愤世嫉俗) mistrust of others. If we expect others to mistreat us, we are seldom disappointed. This generates anger and leads us to respond with hostility.

  The most characteristic attitude of a cynic is being suspicious of the motives of people he doesn’t know. Imagine you are waiting for an elevator and it stops two floors above for longer than usual. How inconsiderate (不替别人着想的) You think. In a few seconds, you have drawn hostile conclusions about unseen people and their motives.

  Meanwhile, your cynical mistrust is leading to noticeable physical consequences. Your voice rises. The rate and depth of your breathing increases. Your heart is beating faster and harder, and the muscles of your arms and legs become tight. You feel “charged up”, ready for action.

  If you frequently experience these feelings, you may be at increased risk of developing serious health problems. Anger can add to the risk of heart and other diseases.

  61.According to the author, people with trusting hearts are ________.

  A) usually intelligent and wise

  B) usually very religious

  C) less likely to get heart diseases

  D) not likely to be mistreated by others(C)

  62.The book by Meyer Friedman and Ray H. Rosenman most probably discusses ________.

  A) friendliness and hostility

  B) trust and mistrust of people

  C) heart diseases and death rate

  D) people’s characters and their blood types(D)

  63.According to the passage, if you have a fixed idea in mind that people will mistreat you, you will always find it ________.

  A) to be disappointing

  B) to be pleasing

  C) to be wrong

  D) to be so(D)

  64.A cynic, in the passage, is a person ________.

  A) who is always ready to fight

  B) who usually has doubts about the people around him

  C) whose behaviour usually leads to serious health problems

  D) whose behaviour usually seems strange to the people he knows(C)

  65.The author’s intention in writing the passage is to ________.

  A) advise people to be patient

  B) analyze the danger of heart diseases

  C) persuade people to be trustful

  D) praise the wisdom of the old people(C)

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